Scripture Reading: John 2:23-3:15
23 Now while he was in Jerusalem at the Passover Festival, many people saw the signs he was performing and believed in his name.[d]24 But Jesus would not entrust himself to them, for he knew all people. 25 He did not need any testimony about mankind, for he knew what was in each person.
Jesus Teaches Nicodemus
1Now there was a Pharisee, a man named Nicodemus who was a member of the Jewish ruling council. 2 He came to Jesus at night and said, “Rabbi, we know that you are a teacher who has come from God. For no one could perform the signs you are doing if God were not with him.”
3 Jesus replied, “Very truly I tell you, no one can see the kingdom of God unless they are born again.[a]”
4 “How can someone be born when they are old?” Nicodemus asked. “Surely they cannot enter a second time into their mother’s womb to be born!”
5 Jesus answered, “Very truly I tell you, no one can enter the kingdom of God unless they are born of water and the Spirit.6 Flesh gives birth to flesh, but the Spirit[b] gives birth to spirit. 7 You should not be surprised at my saying, ‘You[c] must be born again.’ 8 The wind blows wherever it pleases. You hear its sound, but you cannot tell where it comes from or where it is going. So it is with everyone born of the Spirit.”[d]
9 “How can this be?” Nicodemus asked.
10 “You are Israel’s teacher,” said Jesus, “and do you not understand these things? 11 Very truly I tell you, we speak of what we know, and we testify to what we have seen, but still you people do not accept our testimony. 12 I have spoken to you of earthly things and you do not believe; how then will you believe if I speak of heavenly things? 13 No one has ever gone into heaven except the one who came from heaven—the Son of Man.[e] 14 Just as Moses lifted up the snake in the wilderness, so the Son of Man must be lifted up,[f] 15 that everyone who believes may have eternal life in him.”[g]
Reflections from the Church Fathers
Decaying Flesh Born Again, Leo the Great
Whoever of you, therefore, takes pride (with devotion and faith) in the name of Christian, ponder, by an accurate judgement, the grace of this reconciliation. To you once “cast aside” to you driven out from the thrones of “paradise”, to you dying from long exiles, to you scattered into “dust” and ashes, who had no longer any hope of living– to you has “power” been given through the incarnation of the Word. With it, you can “return from far away” to your Maker, can recognise your Father, who were born of flesh that is subject to decay can be “born again from the Spirit” of God and can obtain through grace what you do not have through nature. Sermon 22.5.1 (Extract from the book “On the way to the Cross – 40 Days with the Church Fathers” by Thomas C Oden)